Images of giant container ships clogging up ports have become the public face of global supply chains’ disruptions. With widespread factory and shipping operations interruptions, supplier delivery times increased dramatically. According to U.S. Census, 38.8 percent of small businesses experienced domestic supplier delays during the pandemic. Some even predict that global supply chain disruptions could continue into next year.
While some aspects of the supply chain—such as increased consumer demand and labor shortages—are out of your hands, there are risks within your supply chain that you can manage and build resiliency and agility. Running a tight supplier network gives you a competitive advantage during periods of crisis when others are struggling to keep up.
What is Supplier Risk Management?
Supplier risk management is the process of evaluating your suppliers to understand better where the vulnerabilities lie and then taking proactive steps to mitigate the risks you’ve identified.
In the past, many client companies overlooked their suppliers’ health and operational resiliency. If one supplier faltered, another supplier could be counted on to step in and take their place.
But it’s not always simple. As the global pandemic has revealed, there can be challenges to finding alternative suppliers if demand soars. Whether it’s geopolitical risks, natural disasters or labor unrest, many risks can impact the operational health of the entire supply chain. One supplier slip-up can throw off the whole chain and put a business in jeopardy.
Client companies need to know how stable their suppliers are—not just today, but in the foreseeable future too. Companies need to manage their supplier networks proactively.
Common Supplier Risks
Assessing the health of the entire supply chain is more critical than ever. Put these common supplier risks on your radar.
Social, Ethical or Environmental Risks
Increasingly, businesses are screening their suppliers for how well they perform on environmental, social or governance (ESG) factors. Businesses want to ensure that they are working with vendors with a solid track record on sustainability, employee relationships and transparency.
For example, working with suppliers that flout emissions standards or engage in bribery can pose liability risks for you. The negative reputations of these types of suppliers can carry over to their clients. Moreover, doing business with suppliers that are on government sanctions or non-compliance lists can result in penalties for you and potentially even legal liability.
Even companies that profess a commitment to ESG principles must demonstrate adherence to certain standards within their supply chain. It’s what consumers increasingly demand and some governments are legislating.
But how can you screen suppliers to ensure compliance with ESG principles? Technology can help: Experian’s partner Global Risk Management Solutions (GRMS) allows companies to keep track of all their suppliers and verifies compliance within the required Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) parameters.
How to Create a World-Class Supplier Risk Assessment Program
To learn more about Global Risk Management Solutions watch our interview where we discuss the main points of setting up a world-class program.
Many businesses monitor their suppliers for financial risks, which is the likelihood that a supplier will run into financial difficulty, and therefore, renege on their obligations.
Working with a supplier on shaky financing footing can undermine the operational health of your organization. For example, suppliers in financial distress can suffer service interruptions, poor quality and safety problems – all of which can spill over to clients, especially if it’s a main supplier. If one of your suppliers suddenly closes its doors or goes bankrupt, it may be difficult to find a replacement supplier on short notice.
Screening for financial risks has become more straightforward, thanks to technological advancements. Tools like Experian’s Small Business Financial Exchange and Supplier Check Reports provide information on small business credit performance to help you assess financial risks more efficiently.
Any risk that results from flawed internal processes or management, rather than external events, is known as operational risk. This can include labor unrest, factory closures and equipment failures, which can ultimately prevent a supplier from meeting their deliverables.
Understanding the potential and actual operational challenges faced by your suppliers can help you assess whether to work with them.
As the pandemic has shown, it’s impossible to predict when a crisis might hit your supply chain. That’s why businesses need to develop a continuity plan for how they’ll handle unexpected crises and the steps they’ll take for recovery.
That’s true of your suppliers too. Suppliers that lack continuity plans can easily get kicked off the line without a plan for a rebound. That can cause major disruptions to their clients.
But how do you know what your suppliers’ business continuity plans are?
Internal or external events that make it difficult or impossible for a company to achieve its business goals are strategic risks and you need to monitor your supply chain against them. For example, a supplier that may not have the resources to hire enough workers poses a strategic risk for its clients and can undermine its market position and reputation.
Until recently, companies hadn’t considered their supply chain as a strategic decision because of the siloed decision-making process. Bringing together supply chain functions with risk management and corporate strategy places supply chain management at the center of strategic planning and can build resiliency. Expanding the role of procurement within your organization can help management better assess the weak links, anticipate unexpected events and adapt to changing conditions.
Insights drive awareness
Managing your supply chain risk is only possible when you have insight and clarity into the financial health of your suppliers. Experian’s powerful technology solutions allow you to do this in several ways:
Finding alternative lookalike suppliers
Your existing performing suppliers can be valuable in identifying other possible alternative or contingent suppliers. By leveraging tools like Experian’s Business TargetIQ (BTIQ), you can effortlessly profile your ideal supplier with premier firmographic, geographic, risk and credit attributes. Once you have determined your ideal supplier profile, use the “find similar” feature to swiftly and easily identify other companies that meet your criteria and have similar profiles. Further expand your segment and qualify by adjusting the platform’s robust built-in filters. In addition, third-party and other data can easily be uploaded to get a comprehensive 360-view of the suppliers. Why start from scratch when you can easily leverage existing relationships that are performing?
Develop an Integrated Supplier Database
Your ability to make informed decisions hinges on access to quality data about your suppliers. But getting reliable, real-time data on your own may be difficult. You may need to work with a third-party vendor that gathers and validates this information.
But vast amounts of data can quickly overwhelm an organization, especially if it’s siloed. For data to be useful, it must integrate with existing customer relationship management and enterprise resource planning software that your workforce uses each day. Integrating these databases offers a 360-degree view of your entire supply chain, which makes it easier to isolate risks. Look for vendors that can work with your legacy systems.
Segment Suppliers into Risk Categories
Segmenting suppliers by different attributes can provide valuable insights into how vital each supplier is to your operations. While there are several ways to segment suppliers – such as the amount of spend, product, service or volume – consider segmenting suppliers based on their risk profiles. This approach can uncover the level of risk exposure for each supplier, no matter how small. A risk event, even with a smaller supplier, can cause downstream disruptions.
Translate Risk Data into Predictive Intelligence
With vast amounts of data on suppliers, it’s possible to create forecasting models to play out “what if” scenarios based on both historical information as well as real-time events. However, even the most powerful artificial intelligence programs are only as good as the quality of the data input. Quality data increases the probability of an accurate forecast and makes it meaningful.
To tackle this, GRMS monitors suppliers in real-time and sends clients push notifications alerting them to any status changes. That way, they can act on potential problems before they hit their supply chain.
Keep Supplier Assessments Up to Date
While some companies may perform supplier assessments internally, it can be hard to continuously monitor them. For example, knowing when a supplier’s insurance policy has lapsed or if regulatory actions have been taken against a supplier is crucial to building their risk profile. Companies without in-house expertise on supply chain risk factors should seek out third-party vendors that can gather, assess and monitor supplier data.
Why is Supplier Risk Management Important?
During difficult market conditions, a well-managed supplier network means having a leg up in the industry. Businesses that manage actual or potential risks may continue to operate without disruption, as well as gain important insights that can help turn risks into opportunities. They can also improve their competitive position and lower supplier costs. Information is power.
On the flip side, companies that fail to adequately assess the supply chain risks can get blindsided. Here are a few reasons why supplier risk management is critical to business success.
Greater Insights Help Create Strategies That Turn Risk into Competitive Advantages
A supply chain is more than the building block of your business. It’s what makes your business possible and is a revenue driver and a differentiator. A powerful, reliable supply chain enables you to get products and services to market faster and with lower costs than competitors. Case in point: according to Deloitte, 79 percent of organizations identified as “supply chain leaders” achieve revenue growth that is “significantly above-average.”
Disruptions anywhere along the supply chain can undermine those goals. According to that same report, only 8 percent of the organizations with “lower-performing supply chains” were able to achieve “above-average” revenue growth.
The bottom line: with greater technology-enabled insights into your supplier network, you can turn risk into competitive advantages. For example, data insights can alert you if a major supplier faces financial difficulties, which gives you time to find a new, better-positioned alternative. Your competitors may not have access to such a resource, putting them at a disadvantage.
An Improved Competitive Position in Your Market
With shipping delays and poor customer service befalling businesses of all types in recent months, a well-managed supply chain can help you deliver greater value to customers compared to your competitors. According to a recent Oracle survey, 76 percent of people would trust and be more willing to buy from (78 percent) a company if they knew it used advanced technologies like artificial intelligence to manage its supply chain. By emphasizing supply chain risk management within your organization and creating processes to assess the risks, you can gain a competitive advantage in the industry.
Lower Supplier Costs
The cost of supply chain disruption is higher than you may think. Downtime, sourcing a new supplier and missed deliverables on your end can add up to astronomical amounts: on average, global supply chain disruptions cost $184 million per year in lost revenue for each large organization, according to Interos Annual Global Supply Chain Report. There are also long-term costs, such as reputational damage and customer perceptions, which are difficult to measure. In that same Interos report, 83 percent of responding organizations reported suffering “at least a little reputational damage” due to supply chain problems.
Ultimately, a supply chain that delivers and allows you to keep your brand promises is worth its weight in gold. Reliable suppliers allow you to keep your overall costs in check. Proactive risk management of your supply chain is an essential cost containment best practice.
Looking Ahead to the Future of Supply Chain Risk Management
Some supply chain disruptions are out of your hands. But there are ways to intelligently and efficiently manage risks and bring stability to your company. Until now, it’s been difficult for companies to assess and monitor the financial and operational health of their suppliers, either due to a lack of internal capacity or the necessary transparency. But that’s changed: by utilizing robust technology solutions, organizations can minimize supply chain disruptions and optimize their strategic value.