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Watching your small business portfolio

Part 1

In reality, we are always facing potential issues in our small business portfolio, it is just the nature of that particular beast. Real problems occur, though, when we begin to take the attitude that nothing can go wrong, that we have finally found the magic formula that has created the invincible portfolio.  We’re in trouble when we actually believe that we have the perfect origination machine to generate a portfolio that has a constant and acceptable delinquency and charge-off performance.

So, we all can agree that we need to keep a watchful eye on the small business portfolio.  But how do we do this?  How do we monitor a portfolio that has a high number of accounts but a relatively low dollar amount in actual outstandings?

The traditional commercial portfolio provides sufficient operating income and poses enough individual client credit risk that we can take the same approach on each individual credit and still maintain an acceptable level of profitability.  But, the small business portfolio doesn’t generate sufficient profitability nor has individual loan risk to utilize the traditional commercial loan portfolio risk management techniques.

Facing these economic constraints, the typical approach is to simply monitor by delinquency and address the problems as they arise.  One traditional method that is typically retained is the annual maturity of the lines of credit.  Because of loan matures, financial institutions are performing annual renewals and re-underwriting these lines of credit — and complete that process through a full re-documentation of the line.

We make nominal improvements in the process by changing the maturity dates of the lines from one year to two or three year maturities or, in the case of real estate secured lines, a five year maturity.  While such an approach reduces the number of renewals that must be performed in a particular year, it does not change the basic methodology of portfolio risk management, regularly scheduled reviews of the lines.  In addition, such methodology simply puts us back to the use of collections to actually manage the portfolio and only serves to extend the time between reviews.

Visit my next post for the additional pitfalls around individual risk rating and ways to better monitor your small business portfolio.